The Marina Ewald & Kurt Hahn Address
A Speech Given by an Exceptional Experiential Educator
2021 Honoree: Dr Yap Meen Sheng
College of Lifelong & Experiential Learning
Singapore University of Social Sciences
What does it mean to you to deliver the 2021 Address?
Being selected to deliver the 2021 Marina Ewald & Kurt Hahn Address is truly an honour and privilege. I am deeply humbled to be amongst the ranks of the eminent honorees before me. I am grateful to be awarded this exceptional opportunity to represent my team at the Centre for Experiential Learning (CEL) in sharing our collective journey and experiences with an esteemed international community.
The Ewald and Hahn Address is presented annually by a person designated by the Board of Directors who has contributed to the development and advancement of experiential education with the tenacity and conviction exemplified by Marina Ewald and Kurt Hahn.
"The Marina Ewald & Kurt Hahn address is a wonderful opportunity for the recipient of this honor to offer provocative, prompting, and perhaps potential words of wisdom to the larger body of the Association.
To honor Ewald and Hahn together is a wonderful move forward to demonstrate the value of collaboration. Collaboration has usually been present in many endeavors, however, western folks tend to want to name a father (think white supremacy), yes some mothers too. Though the paternal system maintains the exceptionalism that the USA was founded on and a piece of the past needing to be remolded for the future."
Ewald and Hahn Address Nominations
The Board of Directors, rather than the conference Host Committee or the Awards Committee, reviews the list of possible candidates (along with brief biographies) for the Ewald and Hahn Address with the knowledge of the annual theme that has been selected for the topic of the address. Nominations are closed for the 2021 Ewald & Hahn Address.
The below is from Denise Mitten, 2011 Ewald & Hahn Presenter
Marina Ewald (German 1887 – 1976)
Kurt Hahn is the much celebrated and revered founder of the Outward Bound movement. In 1904, at the age of 18, Hahn suffered from sunstroke that left him with a recurring disability for the remainder of his life. When he was a boy, he had walked in the Dolomites and saw value in students spending time outdoors. However, Hahn never completed a major expedition before or after his sunstroke and had to carefully regulate for the remainder of his life, how much time he spent outside, and under what conditions.
Marina Ewald was virtually unknown to the outside world until Veevers and Allison (2011) went to Salem School and found, through reading Hahn’s personal papers that Ewald was Hahn's partner in planning and the co-director at Salem School. When Hahn fled to the UK during the Nazi regime she remained as director (totaling 50 years). In 2016 if someone searched for Kurt Hahn on the Internet, they’d find a number of schools that he founded, including the Salam School in 1920. In no earlier record was a co-founder named for Salam, except Prince Max von Baden as Hahn’s benefactor. In the past few years more has popped up on the internet about Marina Ewald.
Ewald encouraged sailing for girls and boys while Hahn, according to accounts. did not seem interested in sailing. In 1925 Ewald, a geographer initiated the school's first sailing expedition to Finland and Iceland. After this, she was an advocate for the usefulness of expeditions as an outdoor learning model and incorporated expeditions into the curriculum. As a result, Hahn embedded expeditions into his future endeavors, too, and today we thank him for his vision and inspiration. Notably, Ewald was a key player and instrumental to the inception of the Outward Bound expeditionary model. Ironically, this piece of history has been completely subjugated for almost 100 years, and we had a “gender washed” asymmetrical (his)story.
Marina Ewald was a childhood friend of Kurt Hahn, the man who is credited with the creation of Outward Bound, as well as a few other educational programs including the Salem School and Gordunstoun. Many of the core values of Outward Bound derive from an expedition to Finland that Marina led, in the summer of 1925. Not only did Marina Ewald lead the grueling and difficult trip, she was the only woman.
Marina went on to become the director of Spetzgart (an expansion of the Salem School), but as time went on and the political climate became more turbulent, Kurt Hahn (who was Jewish), was exiled from Germany in 1933. The Salem School he had established was shut down by Nazi's, after an unsuccessful attempt to keep the program independent from German government.
In November 1945, while Hahn was taking refuge in England, and developing another education program there, Marina Ewald successfully reopened the Salem school, free from Nazi influence.
Marina stayed with the school for many years, and received the French Award ’Ordre des Palmes Académiques (Order of Academic Palms) for her educational achievements. She made vital contributions to the structure of Outward Bound, and inspired students from all over the country and world!
A memorial for Marina Ewald now hangs in the Outward Bound California, Bay Area Program office, to remind all who enter that there are stories which must not go untold, there are women who have contributed and still continue to the success of Outward Bound, and we would not be where we are today without them.
Kurt Hahn was also a key figure in the development of experiential education. Hahn's personal experiences led him to make helping young people develop into healthy, happy, ethical and compassionate adults his life's calling. To that end, Hahn founded numerous colleges and programs dedicated to educating the whole person.
POLICY TYPE: GOVERNANCE PROCESS (GP12)
POLICY TITLE: SPECIAL ADDRESSES AND AWARDS BY THE BOARD
The Marina Ewald & Kurt Hahn Address is a formal presentation to the membership of AEE during the annual conference. The purpose for this address is imbedded in the desire of the Board of Directors for members of AEE to hear a tenured participant in the experiential education community. This opportunity is bestowed upon a person that the Board deems reflective of the current vision of the organization and the historical characteristics of Marina Ewald & Kurt Hahn. The recipient is also an individual who has contributed to the development and advancement of experiential education over a significant length of time, has demonstrated the tenacity and conviction that was exemplified by Ewald & Hahn, and is, most often, a leader in experiential education who has demonstrated both individual and global accomplishments that reflect upon the successes of the field and AEE.
The Board of Directors, rather than the conference Host Committee (responsible for keynote speaker selections) or the Awards Committee (responsible for any other AEE awards selections), reviews the list of possible candidates (along with brief biographies) for the Ewald & Hahn Address with the knowledge of the annual theme that has been selected for the topic of the address.
1. Any four board members can add a person to the list of possible candidates with submission of biographical data.
2. An AEE member can suggest a person to be added to the list of potential candidates by completing submission form.
3. The selection process is documented in the AEE Policy Register (GP 12).
4. Once the selection process has been completed, a member of the Board of Directors will be delegated to invite the speaker. After the invitation has been accepted, further arrangements will be handled by AEE staff.
Criteria for Selection
● 15 years or more of service in experiential education.
● Influential in experiential education (recognizing broadest definitions of influence).
● Contribution of service to specific groups, and through these contributions, demonstration of compassion and spiritual integrity.
● Embodies attributes that Marina Ewald & Kurt Hahn regarded highly: craft, innovation, tenacity, service, spirit, adventurousness, compassion, enterprising curiosity, and physical, intellectual, and spiritual vigor.
● Highly regarded, reputable thinker and worker in some form of experiential education. Or have a message which is highly relevant to the field at the time of the address.
● Entertaining and inspiring speaker. Ability to draw people to the address and convey a message reflective of organizational needs.
● Willingness and availability to partner with AEE in furthering the AEE service mission.
● Contribution to diversity in the list of address designees.
● Preferably a current AEE member (individual or organizational representative).
- 2021 - Dr. Yap Meen Sheng (click for video)
- 2020 - Vishwas Parchure (click for video)
- 2019 - Dr. Mary Breunig
- 2018 - Dr. TA Loeffler (click for video)
- 2017 - Tony Alvarez (click for video)
- 2016 - Jane Panicucci (click for video)
- 2015 - Bill Proudman
- 2014 - Karen Warren
- 2013 - Laurie Frank
- 2012 - Jasper Hunt
- 2011 - Denise Mitten
- 2010 - Jude Hirsch & Lee Gillis
- 2009 - Cliff Knapp
- 2008 - Bob Henderson
- 2007 - Nina Roberts
- 2006 - Peter Higgins
- 2005 - Keith V. King
- 2004 - Sanford Tollette
- 2003 - Craig Dobkin
- 2002 - Michael Gass
- 2001 - Faith Evans
- 2000 - Karl Rohnke
- 1999 - Marianne Scippa
- 1998 - Rita Yerkes
- 1997 - Dan Garvey
- 1996 - Tom Smith
- 1995 - McClellan Hall
- 1994 - Robert S. MacArthur
- 1993 - Dick Kraft
- 1992 - Bert Horwood
- 1991 - Dan Conrad for Diane Hedin
- 1990 - Gregory Farrell
- 1989 - Richard O. Kimball
- 1988 - Jim Kielsmeier
- 1987 - Betty van der Smissen
- 1986 - Alec Dickson
- 1985 - Jolene Unsoeld for Willi Unsoeld
- 1984 - Eliot Wigginton
- 1983 - Joe Nold